When cargo is stored in the common-use area of the Colonel's Island Terminal, free time will be in accordance with Rule 34-210 of this schedule. If cargo remains in the common-use area after the free time expires,the Authority will assess storage charges based on the rates in Rules 34-365 through 34-425. Also, on import cargo, a delivery order must be created in the Authority's on-line system. Failure to do so will prevent the cargo from being removed from the terminal.
The Georgia Ports Authority reserves the right to control the loading, unloading and handling of all cargo on premises and facilities under its control. No others will be allowed to perform such handling without special permission from the Authority. If and when such permission is granted, the charges to be assessed are those published in this tariff, unless excepted bythe Authority. When another party is permitted to handle cargo,the Authority shall be paid by such party for use of its facilities and any equipment, labor, or materials provided at rate(s) to be named, depending upon commodity handled and conditions pertaining hereto.
When cargo received for export needs to be repaired by an off-terminal party, the Authority will assess for the initial handling in, handling out to the repairing party, and another handling in for the return from the repairing party, as well as storage, if any.
Storage will be based on the total days on terminal less the applicable free time. As with all export breakbulk cargo, the calculation will be based upon the first working day of the vessel. Once the total number of billable storage days is determined, storage will be assessed in accordance with Rule 34-255 of this schedule.
The Authority provides storage on its facilities only for the prompt assembly and distribution of waterborne cargoes. In that connection, the following free time is allowed on cargo imported or exported via its facilities.
Any cargo, not susceptible to weather damage, when for import, export, outbound coastwise, or intercoastal movement, may be granted additional free time, subject to the following provisions:
(1) The availability of suitable open ground storage space and;
(2) Prior approval from terminal management.
Free time on export cargo will begin the first 7:00 AM after receipt.
Free time on import cargo will begin the first 7:00 AM after the departure date of the vessel. (Note 2)
If the wharves, sheds, or warehouses become congested duringthe free time, the terminal operator has the option to transfercargo to other storage areas to relieve such congestion. Anyremaining free time on such cargo will continue to apply, no matterwhere such cargo is placed, as long as it remains on the premisesof the Authority. See Rule 34-260 for charges regarding transfer.
The Authority may alter the free time allowed on any cargo if terminal operations or movement of cargo are interruptedby war, earthquake, flood, fire, riot, or any unusual occurrence which, in the judgment of the operator, warrants such alteration.
Note 1: Cargo placed into the designated out-of-gauge storage area at the Authority's Garden City Terminal will be allowed only five (5) consecutive days of free time.
Note 2: If departure is delayed due to vessel repairs or governmental order, then the departure date will be based upon the first 7:00 AM after cargo discharge is completed.
Note 3: The Authority will provide storage space on the river margin area at our Ocean Terminal, provided such space is available and use of such space is coordinated / approved in advance by appropriate terminal management personnel. free time at said space will be limited to no more than five (5) consecutive days.
Handling rates stated elsewhere in this schedule shall not apply to the following:
All cars furnished by the rail carriers will be accepted as good order cars and will be loaded or unloaded at the rates in this schedule with the exception of improperly loaded cars or if cargo has shifted making it unsafe to unload. In such cases the rail carrier will be contacted and special arrangements will be made for unloading.
Dunnage, fastenings, paper, refuse or other trash will not be cleaned from railcars except by special arrangements. Rail carriers which fail to have cars cleaned prior to placement will be contacted to correct the problem, and any expenses, including demurrage, incurred by the Authority will be the responsibility of the offending carrier.
If the railcar is placed with the doors on the wrong side, the Authority will contact the placing carrier to have the car turned. Any charge assessed for the turning will be the responsibility of the shipper.
The Authority may quote special charges, rules or regulations to government agencies or charitable organizations. It may also quote special charges on plant or project cargo moving from one shipper to one consignee and on which advance arrangements have been made with the Authority. In addition, the Authority may negotiate handling/storage charges on volume breakbulk shipments, provided such shipments are imported or exported via Authority facilities, or for the stuffing (loading) or stripping (unloading) of containerized cargo (see Rule 34-492 of this schedule).
The Authority may negotiate handling/storage charges on volume breakbulk shipments, provided such shipments are imported or exported via Authority facilities.
When such charges, rules, or regulations are quoted or negotiated, they shall be filed, if required, with the Federal Maritime Commission on or before the effective date of said charges, rules, or regulations.
Such charges shall apply only to the requesting party, and in the case of custom brokers and/or freight forwarders, the cargo account they represent. They will apply to no other party unless agreed to by the Authority.
Lifting yachts/boats from the water must be coordinated with the GPA Docks team.
Max length 58' overall length to include swim platform, motors, bow rails, anchors, etc.
Max beam 15' overall width of yacht and any attachments and/or cradle.
Crane Lifting Capacity
Container berth 2-9: max yacht weight is 87.36 short tons (78 metric tons), allocating 7.84 short tons (7 metric tons) for lifting gear. Crane capacity is 95.2 short tons (85 metric tons) for berths 2-9.
Container berth 1: max yacht weight is 70.56 short tons (63 metric tons), allocating 7.84 short tons (7 metric tons) for lifting gear. Crane capacity is 78.4 short tons (70 metric tons) for berth 1.
Yachts and cradle will be placed on a mafi trailer upon receipt and parked until vessel loading.
Yachts directly discharged from ocean going vessel to water is encouraged.
Yachts directly discharged to trucks are treated as OOG cargo and must be landed directly on outbound trailer for immediate movement off the dock.
Mafi Trailers, Equipment
(2) 40' x 8', 80 metric ton mafi trailers are available for daily rental by the Customer.
Yacht Exceeding Maximum Dimensions
Export yachts exceeding the maximum dimensions will require the motor carrier to maintain the boat and their trailer. Ultimately delivering the yacht alongside the ocean going vessel for loading. This requires the stevedore to marry the yacht to the cradle during vessel operation.
Import yachts exceeding the maximum dimensions require the stevedore to separate the yacht from the cradle and deliver to the boat trailer. Yacht must be appropriately released by concerned parties prior to exiting Georgia Ports Authority's terminals. i.e. via truck or via water.
Note 1: Yachts in cradles and/or any other cargo will not be grounded and/or stored on the dock and/or the back-reach of the crane.
Note 2: The lashing of a yacht to a cradle for ocean transport will not be performed by the Georgia Ports Authority. Lashing must be arranged with a terminal stevedore.
The terminal requires the following information for acceptance of export breakbulk cargo. This information shall be supplied either prior to or upon delivery of the cargo, and must be supplied in the form of an Export Dock Receipt.
Bill To Party (must have credit with the Authority) and Reference Number (Notes 1 and 2)
Booking NumberCommodity DescriptionExporter/ShipperFreight Forwarder and Reference NumberHazardous Certificate, When Required (including MSDS)Identifying MarksLine/Vessel/Voyage NumberMeasurement/DimensionsMiscellaneous Services RequiredNumber of PiecesPort of DischargeStorage, Inside or OutsideSupplier (if different than exporter, shipper)Weight of Commodity (gross)
This information must be sent to the following:For Vessels Calling Garden City Terminal -(912)964-3941 (FAX)
For Vessels Calling Ocean Terminal -(912)651-2505 (FAX) / Email: OTAdmin@gaports.com
For Vessels Calling Mayor's Point Terminal -(912)262-3040 (FAX)
For Vessels Calling East River or Lanier Docks Terminals -(912)267-6352 (FAX)
The terminal shall sign the export dock receipt, but no other shipping documents, in acknowledgement of receipt of said cargo. Any discrepancies will be so noted on the receipt.
Note 1: As noted the bill-to party must have credit with the Authority. If credit has not been established or other payment arrangement not previously made, cargo will not be accepted.
Note 2: The "bill-to" party will be responsible for both handling and storage. Under no circumstances will these charges be split between two parties, except in cases of transfer of ownership (See Rule 34-265).
The terminal requires the following information for domestic carrier pick-up of import breakbulk cargo. This information shall be supplied either prior to or upon pick-up of the cargo and must be in the form of a delivery order/shipping instructions.The delivery order must be created in the Authority's on-line system.
Bill To Party (must have credit with the Authority) (Note)Cargo DestinationCommodity DescriptionCustoms BrokerGPA Tally or Warehouse Receipt NumberHazardous Certificate, When Required (inclusing MSDS)Line/Vessel/Voyage NumberOcean Bill of Lading NumberPort of Loading
Note: The "bill-to" party will be responsible for both handling and storage. Under no circumstances will these charges besplit between two parties, unless previously agreed to by the Authority.
When cargo is re-consigned (see Rule 34-270), the Authority will invoice as follows:
When cargo is re-shipped (see Rule 34-270), the Authority willinvoice two handlings and storage, based upon MTO Schedule, contractual, or quoted rates. No free time is granted on re-shipped cargo.
When requested, the Authority will segregate cargo. The segregation rate will be based upon either the MTO Schedule, contractual, or quoted handling rate applicable to the specific cargo This rate will apply to all cargo handled to accomplish the desired segregation.
The storage charges on breakbulk and roro cargo stated in this schedule are for each calendar month or fractional part thereof, unless otherwise indicated. Storage on export cargo will cease to accrue when cargo is either stuffed in or on a container or loaded aboard a vessel. Storage will be calculated on a calendar month basis using the rates in Rule 34-365 thru 34-425.After the first calendar month, storage for each succeeding calendar month is derived as follows:Second Calendar Month - 1st Month's Rate Plus 10% Third Calendar Month - 1st Month's Rate Plus 15% Fourth Calendar Month - 1st Month's Rate Plus 50% Each Calendar Month Thereafter - 1st Month's Rate Plus 100% (Notes 1 & 2)On imported breakbulk cargo, the calculation of storage and free time is based upon the first 7:00 AM after the departure date of the vessel, and the actual date such cargo departs the terminal. On cargo which is unloaded from containers by the Authority, the calculation of storage and free time is based upon the first 7:00 AM after the container is unloaded. After free time expires, if the first billable storage period is 15 consecutive calendar days or less, the Authority will assess one-half of the first month's rate. If the first billable storage period is more than 15 consecutive calendar days, the full storage rate will be assessed.On exported breakbulk cargo, the calculation of free time and storage is based upon the first 7:00 AM after receipt. On cargo which is loaded into containers by the Authority, the calculation of free time and storage is based upon the first 7:00 AM after the cargo is received and the date the container is loaded. After free time expires, if the first billable storage period is 15 days or less, the Authority will assess one-half of the first month's rate. If the first billable storage period is more than 15 days, the full rate will be assessed.
Note 1: The Authority shall not be used for long-term storage, which is defined as more than twelve (12) calendar months, including all allowable free time. Thus when any cargo is in storage for more than twelve (12) calendar months, the Authority reserves the right, at its sole discretion, to (1) Require the cargo to be removed from the Authority's facilities with in thirty (30) days after receipt of written notice from the Authority. If said cargo is not removed as required after thirty (30) days of written receipt from the Authority, the Authority reserves the right, at its sole discretion, to remove said cargo from its facilities at the expense and risk of the cargo owner, or; (2) Assess substantially higher rates than those provided herein until said cargo is removed from the Authority's terminals. Prior to the assessment of these higher rates, the Authority will notify the cargo owner or its designated agent of the new rate levels.
Note 2: Re-shipped cargo will be billed based on the effective rates in this Schedule when the said cargo is re-shipped.
If, after free time expires, the Authority physically transfers either export cargo from storage to a point of rest, or import cargo from a point of rest to another on-terminal storage area, a transfer charge, consisting of one handling and, when applicable, one drayage, will be assessed to the owner of the cargo or its designated agent. If another on-terminal storage area is not available, the Authority, may at its option, transfer said cargo to private off-terminal commercial facilities. Also on cargo transferred within free time, but which remains in storage after free time has expired, the Authority may, at its option, assess one handling and, when applicable, one drayage charge, as if the transfer occurred after the expiration of free time.
If more than one bill of lading or warehouse receipt is transferred at the same time and as part of the same transfer process, minimum charges, if applicable, will be based on all the cargo transferred at that time.
The Authority provides an area on its terminals in Savannah for washing of cargo. The Authority will assess a "Facilitation Charge" which covers the transfer of cargo to/from said area (See Rule 34-290). The actual washing service is provided by third parties (names will be provided upon request) which have met the Authority's registration requirements in Rule 34-102.
The washing area should be used only for cargo which requires minimal cleaning. Cargo which is heavily soiled should be cleaned prior to being received. Failure to do so may result in cargo being refused.
CHECKINGCounting and checking cargo against applicable documentation for the account of the vessel.
EXTRA HANDLINGAny time the Authority has to handle additional cargo of an account in order to either load or make available for loading specific cargo for that account, the applicable handling rate as indicated in rules 34-300 through 34-360 of this schedule or in any separate agreement, contract, or rate quotation will be assessed. Also whenever cargo has to be re-handled because of specific loading requirements, an additional charge will be assessed based on the greater of either the applicable handling rate or the labor and equipment required.
FREE TIME ON CARGOThe specified period during which cargo may occupy space assigned to it on terminal property free of storage charges immediately prior to the loading or subsequent to the discharge of such cargo on or off the vessel. (See rule 34-210)
Cargo received into storage facilities of the Authority for the purpose of exportation will not be granted free time if said cargo is not exported via the Authority's terminals.
Cargo imported via terminals other than the Authority's, and received in bond at the Authority's terminals for the purpose of storage will not be granted any free time.
HANDLING The physical loading, unloading, receiving, or delivering of cargo between the point of rest and the inland carrier, or between the point of rest and other appropriate locations on the terminal, or between any two locations on the terminal, other than the end of ship's tackle. Handling is normally billed to the cargo account or it's broker or forwarder. Handling, as defined herein, does not include the segregation, or separation of cargo.
RE-CONSIGNED CARGOCargo received for export at one Authority terminal, which is shipped out of that terminal to another Authority terminal for export.
RE-SHIPPED CARGOCargo received for export at an Authority terminal, which is handled out of that same terminal and either shipped to a domestic destination or to a terminal not operated by the Authority for exportation.
SHIPSIDE CARGO FACILITATION FEE A charge assessed to recover administrative expenses incurred by the Authority to facilitate the direct discharge or loading of cargo from/to vessels. This charge is assessed to the ocean carrier. See Rule 34-290 for charges.STORAGE The term "STORAGE" as used in this tariff means the actual physical keeping of freight or cargo in or upon designated areas of the wharves, transit sheds, or warehouses owned or operated by the Georgia Ports Authority. Storage is billed to the same party to which the handling charges are billed.
TRANSSHIPPED BREAKBULK / RORO CARGO
Breakbulk or RoRo cargo originating at one foreign port and destined to another foreign port, which discharges from an inbound vessel at an Authority breakbulk or roro terminal, and loads to an outbound vessel at either the same terminal or another Authority breakbulk or roro terminal no more than thirty (30) consecutive calendar days later.
TRANSIT SHEDA transloading facility located on the berth, used primarily for transferring breakbulk cargo between vessels and shoreside. Cargo may, at times, be temporarily stored in such facility for periods not exceeding the free time stated in Rule 34-210.
Cargo which has been banded together to form a single shipping unit capable of being handled with mechanical equipment.
The terminal will measure cargo, if necessary to determine the applicable handling rate. Otherwise, cargo will be measured only upon request, and in such circumstances, the charge for service will be the applicable labor rates. If it is necessary to use any cargo-handling equipment to perform this service, the applicable equipment charges will also be assessed. The minimum charge for this service shall be $62.00.
Each stevedore loading and/or unloading vessels or barges at the deep-water terminals of the Authority in the Ports of Brunswick or Savannah shall be assessed the following charges per net ton of breakbulk or RoRo cargo. From/To Point of Rest Direct Shipside
Brunswick 0.60 0.60
Savannah 0.61 0.61
Each vessel, its owners, or agent shall be assessed the following charges per net ton of breakbulk or RoRo cargo (unless otherwise indicated) loaded to or discharged from vessels or barges calling at any of the Authority's deep-water terminals in the Ports of Brunswick or Savannah.
The following services will be performed by the terminal operator at the rates shown:
(See Notes 1 and 2)
Attaching labels/tags furnished and prepared by the terminal operator, per label
Cargo Fumigation Facilitation
Cargo washing facilitation, (see Rule 34-268) per self-propelled unit.
per towable unit
per pallet or skid, moved with forklift only
per bolster,movedwith forklift only
Core-plugging of rolled cargo, per sling.
Jersey Barriers; placing and removing - per hour (Note 6)
Method Statement (Note 5)
If cargo is lifted with Authority crane
Palletizing of cargo, per pallet (40''x48'')
(includes cost of pallet)
Patching ripped or torn super sacks, per sack
See Rule 34-025
Note 1: If it is necessary to handle cargo in order to perform any of the above services, an additional applicable handling charge will be assessed against that portion of the cargo actually handled. This additional handling charge is subject to minimum charge in rule 34-180.
Note 2: Only one minimum charge for miscellaneous services will be applied when a combination of the services in this rule are performed in connection with one another on the same shipment.
Note 3: If the towable unit is a roll trailer provided by the ocean carrier, rate will apply. If the Authority provides the roll trailer, there will be an additional charge for the use of the roll trailer, with a minimum of $275.00 per day
Note 4: If the trailer assembly time exceeds one hour, GPA will assess an additional $45.00 for each quarter-hour or fraction thereof over the first hour.
Note 5: The charges indicated for method statements are minimum charges. If the minimum charge is lower than actual charges, the minimum shall apply. Otherwise, the actual charges plus a mark-up, when applicable, shall apply.
Note 6: Not applicable when being provided for either cruise vessels or military cargo vessels.
Per 2,000 Pounds
Each weighting 110 lbs, but less than 200 lbs.
(1) Receiving or delivering boats, yachts, or hulls with no physical handling by terminal personnel. Receiving or delivering boat trailers, with no physical handling by terminal personnel. Per Unit Not exceeding 40' in length $ 73.50 Exceeding 40' in length $ 147.00
(2) Receiving from/ delivering to open trucks, with physical handling by terminal personnel. Rate based upon length of boat, yacht, or hull. Per Unit Not Over 26' $ 222.00 Over 26' but not over 30' $ 330.00 Over 30' but not over 35' $ 464.00 Over 35' but not over 40' $ 588.00 Over 40' but not over 45' $ 711.00 Over 45' but not over 50' $ 927.00 Over 50' but not over 55' $ 1,107.00 Over 55' but not over 60' $ 1,262.00 Over 60' but not over 65' $ 2,653.00Over 65' but not over 70' $ 3,064.25For units over 70' Call for rates
(3) Receiving from / delivering to water. Rate based upon length of boat, yacht, or hull. Per Unit Not Over 26' $ 1,365.00 Over 26' but not over 30' $ 1,494.00 Over 30' but not over 35' $ 1,736.00 Over 35' but not over 40' $ 2,035.00 Over 40' but not over 45' $ 2,756.00 Over 45' but not over 50' $ 3,605.00 Over 50' but not over 55' $ 4,326.00 Over 55' but not over 60' $ 5,305.00Over 60' but not over 65' $ 6,103.00Over 65' but not over 70' $ 6,695.00For units over 70' Call for rates
(4) Arches, cradles, fly bridges, keels, or masts, not lifted with boat/yacht Per Unit - $210.00
(5) Trailers, not lifted with boat / yacht Per Unit - $145.00
(a Handling rates include boat trailer and/or cradle when handled with same lift.
(b) On lifts from water, boat/yacht must not arrive more than 2 days prior to scheduled vessel arrival if vessel is calling Garden City Terminal/ not more than 3 days prior to scheduled vessel arrival if vessel is calling Ocean Terminal.
(c) The Authority will, upon request, provide crane and/or other lifting equipment, and necessary labor for the purpose of readying boats/yachts for ocean transport. This service will be provided at the sole risk of the requesting party, who is responsible for compliance with all applicable safety laws, rules, and standards. When such equipment is provided by the Authority, a charge of $350.00 per hour will be assessed. The Authority will not provide any services related to the assembly, installation, maintenance or packaging of boats/yachts.
(d) The Authority will assess a disposal charge of $800.00 per cradle whenever a boat/yacht is delivered to either inland carrier or to the water. To avoid this automatic assessment, the cradle must be removed from the terminal simultaneous with the delivery out of the boat/yacht. Failure to do so will cause the Authority to treat the cradle as dunnage, and will be disposed of promptly. Assessment of the disposal charge will be to the ocean carrier, if their stevedore frees the cradle or to bill-to party on the delivery order if freed by the Authority.
(e) The dock receipt must indicate boat length. If the dock receipt does not indicate the length, the boat/yacht will be measured, and the measured length will be used for billing purposes.
(f) If lift is made with an Authority crane, a minimum charge of $535.00 per lift will be assessed.
PROJECT/ VOLUME RATES AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST
CONTRACT/ VOLUME RATES AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST
7.35 (Notes 1 & 2)
Note 1: If it is determined the block or slab cannot be safely lifted with terminal equipment, rate will not apply.
Note 2: If lift is made with an Authority crane, a minimum charge of $510.00 per lift will be assessed.
CONTRACT/ VOLUME RATE AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST
In strapped bundles
12.50 (Note 2)
15.50 (Note 2)
Note 1: Rate does not apply when loading railroad flatcars. Van trailers will be loaded only if adequate door and/or wall clearances exist.
Note 2: Rate not applicable to pilings or poles which have been treated with creosote. Call for rate.
Agricultural or Farm Equipment (Balers, Combines, Cotton-Pickers, Harvesters, Threshers, Tractors, Etc.) Construction, Industrial, Mining, Textile, Etc.
Self-propelled (Moving Under Own Power / Towable and Not Requiring Terminal Equipment to Lift/Tow)
Not Self-Propelled (Requiring TerminalEquipment to Lift/Tow) (Note 2, 3, and 4)
Note 1: If the Authority has to lift any self-propelled unit, a minimum charge of $147.00 will be assessed, regardless of unit weight.
Note 2: Above rates are based upon Authority equipment being used to make the lifts. The use of Authority cranes for lift on/ lift off cargo is determined based on safety and dimensional requirements solely at the discretion of the Authority. Rates will not apply when cargo configuration is such that Authority equipment, either cranes or forklifts cannot safely handle. Crane appointments are required on any crane lift, and failure to make the required appointment may result in higher charges.
Note 3: If lift is made with an Authority crane, a minimum charge of $535.00 per lift will be assessed.
Note 4: If lift is made with an Authority forklift, a minimum charge of $110.00 per lift will be assessed.
CONTRACT/ VOLUMES RATE AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST
Ferrous (Iron or Steel), In Uniform BundlesAnchors, Angles, Bars, Beams, Billets, Blooms, Cable, Channels, Coils, Ingots, Girders, Pigs, Piling, Bundled Pipe, Plates, Rails, Rope, Scrap (other than bulk), Sheets, Slabs, Wire, Wire Rope, or Wire Strands
9.35(Notes 1, 2, and 3)
Note 1: Rate does not apply in the following circumstances: (a) when cargo configuration is such that Authority equipment, either cranes or forklifts, cannot safely handle, or (b) when lift exceeds 55,000 Lbs. Crane appointments are required on any crane lift, and failure to make the required appointment may result in higher charges.
Note 2: Pipe which is not bundled may cause the Authority to refuse to unload if it is deemed unsafe. Loose pipe should be properly dunnaged between tiers.
Note 4: If loading to a gondola car lid removal fee will apply. (See Rule 34-290)
Per Unit $147.00
Not self-propelled (requiring terminal equipment to lift/tow)
$16.00 (Note 1)
Note 1- Subject to minimum charge of $147.00.
Note 2 - If lift is made with an Authority crane, a minimum charge of $535.00 per lift will br assessed.
$18.50(Notes 1 & 2 )
$37.00(Notes 1 & 2)
Note 1: Rate does not apply when cargo configuration is such that Authority cranes cannot lift, or when the lift exceeds 55,000 pounds.Note 2: If lift is made with an Authority crane, a minimum charge of $510.00 per lift will be assessed.
Note: The Terminal shall not be responsible for any loss of paper resulting from loose bales. Any expenses incurred for clean-up and/or disposal of loose paper will be assessed to the cargo account or their agent.
Per Unit $195.00 (Note)
Note: Applies only to SOC's manifested as containers on vessels calling the Authority's breakbulk / roro terminals
Ambulances, Automobiles, Buses, Hearses, Jet Ski/Snow Mobiles, and Privately Owned Vehicles (POV's)
Note: The Terminal shall not be responsible for any loss of product resulting from loose bales. Any expenses incurred for clean-up and/or disposal of loose product will be assessed to the cargo account or their agent.
For Units Over 70' call for rates.
Per 2,000 Pounds
Per 2,000 Pounds
Per 2,000 Pounds
Log, Pilings, or Poles Per 2,000 lbs
Applies only to SOC's manifested as containers on vessels calling at the Authority's breakbulk/roro terminals